EcoClear Products for Ammonia and Nitrite Reduction and Algae Control
EcoClear is a line of products and systems that reduce nutrients such as ammonia and nitrites, improving water quality and reducing excessive algae growth in ponds and wastewater lagoons by introducing vast numbers of nitrifying bacteria. Algae reduction is important for aesthetic purposes in sites such as golf courses and decorative ponds. Lowering ammonia and nitrites is important in wastewater treatment facilities in order to avoid effluent violations, and improve the aquatic environment in the receiving stream. Algae reduction is also important in applications such as wastewater treatment plants that contain a stabilization pond or other large lagoon unit. These wastewater lagoons often have algae blooms that cause effluent violations (high suspended solids, BOD, phosphate, pH). By reducing the algae bloom, the treatment plant is able to meet permit effluent limits. Larger EcoClear applications may include a Bioreactor System provided on-site. These systems drastically improves the cost-effectiveness of EcoClear products. Each Bioreactor System is simple to operate and requires no special training or maintenance. EcoClear products can also be sold as ready-to-use products for smaller applications. Ammonia and nitrite reduction and algae control technology is a major part of our product line.
Eco Scientific, Inc. markets EcoClear for treating water gardens, ponds, lakes, and wastewater treatment lagoons. The following is an explanation of the mechanism of action of our products.
Our EcoClear works by out competing algae for nutrients in the water and by digesting organic sediment. The bacterial species involved are:
- Bacillus subtilis
- Bacillus amyloliquiefaciens
- Cellulomonas biazotea
The key algae reduction mechanism of the EcoClear product is to out compete algae and other nuisance species for ammonia, nitrite, nitrate and soluble orthophosphate. In the EcoClear product there are both heterotrophic and nitrifying bacteria. All of these bacteria will assimilate nitrogen and phosphorus and incorporate it via cell growth and reproduction. Through nitrification, denitrification, and rapid growth on soluble pollutants, EcoClear bacteria will out compete the excess algae for these nutrients. Algae starve, die, and are then digested by other EcoClear bacteria. As for the effect on various aquatic plants, here are some details: Effect of Products on Various Aquatic Plants
For discussion purposes, we differentiate into 4 groups: algae, floating aquatic plants, submerged weeds, and emergent weeds. Here is our definition and some examples for each.
Primitive plants closely related to fungi. No true leaves, stems, or root systems. Over 20,000 species have been identified. There are three primary forms in the ponds we treat: planktonic, filamentous, and attached-erect.
EcoClear is quite effective against all of these forms. For one, they derive all of their nutrients directly from the water. And they only use simple nitrogen and phosphorous forms, and lack the ability to draw nutrients from soil or elsewhere. These species are the most closely related to bacteria, and use similar nutrients. That is why EcoClear competes very effectively with algae.
B. Floating Aquatic Plants
These float on the surface and some species are also rooted on the bottom of the pond. Freefloating plants are also sometimes included in this group. Plants within this group include duckweed, watermeal, water hyacinth, water lily, and watershield. In general, vascular plants such as these are not affected by EcoClear products.
C. Submerged Weeds
The class includes those plants that are rooted at the bottom but are completely submerged. These are usually flaccid, and lack rigid structures. Common species include pondweed, milfoil, and elodea.
We have found that when EcoClear treatment begins early in the season these types of plants are suppressed. We have data on Eurasian Milfoil, in particular. In some cases people have claimed that EcoClear has reduced an existing weed problem, but in most cases best results are obtained when applied before these weeds have become dominant. EcoClear does not affect vascular floating plants such as water lilies or hyacinths.
D. Emergent Weeds
These grow above the water in shallow areas. These are generally rigid, and do not always depend on water saturation for survival. Species include cattail and bulrush.
EcoClear products do not significantly affect these types of plants.
EcoClear bacteria are primarily effective against those organisms most
closely related, namely, various algae species.